“A tramp, a gentleman, a poet, a dreamer, a lonely fellow, always hopeful of romance and adventure.” – Charlie Chaplin
Today marks the 100th anniversary of the first appearance of Charlie Chaplin‘s Little Tramp when the Keystone Comedy, Kid Auto Races at Venice was released. The day was January 7, 1914 and the character would become Chaplin’s best-known onscreen alter ego.
Charlie Chaplin had been traveling the country with a pantomime troupe when Mack Sennett signed him to make pictures for his Keystone Studios, which was by that point, in 1913, becoming known for its short slapstick comedy movies. Chaplin’s first role at Keystone was as a swindler for which he wore a mustache and monocle, but his performance wasn’t received as well as expected. Still, Sennett gave him another chance by casting him in Kid Auto Races at Venice.
In preparation for filming, Chaplin reportedly combed through the Keystone costume closets to create the now-famous look of the Little Tramp. “Pants baggy, coat tight…hat small, shoes large,” as he later described it in his autobiography. To disguise the character’s age, he added a brush-like mustache over his lip. “I had no idea of the character,” he wrote, “but the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was.”
Kid Auto Races at Venice was a big hit and Chaplin as The Little Tramp was a sensation. 100 years later he remains one of the most recognizable figures in film, if not media, history.
I listened to a Mary Pickford interview some time ago during which she discusses Chaplin and The Little Tramp at length. She said she wished the actor/director would have continued to present the role on film for the rest of his career. She felt, as I do (imagine that!), that The Little Tramp is as important a character as film has ever seen, representing those who don’t normally have a voice. Through the images of this wonderfully relatable character, Chaplin was able to make us laugh, break our hearts and make valuable social commentary.
I always say that my love of the classics continually reminds me of how average I am. Here again is another example of that – I’ve been a fan of Chaplin’s Little Tramp since the first time I saw him, just like the rest of the world. The image of The Tramp that always comes to mind is that wonderfully bitter sweet sight of him walking away at the end of what seems to me are many of his films. Walking off into the sunset to encounter other hardships and other joys, like us all in all our lives. There’s something so wonderfully simple, yet extraordinarily profound in that one image as are his silent words in so many instances. Like ones he spoke in my all-time favorite of his films, City Lights…
“Tomorrow the birds will sing.”
No matter what…they always do as Charlie Chaplin (as himself) once said…“Nothing is permanent in this wicked world – not even our troubles” – The Little Tramp reminds us of that.
Except the Little Tramp himself is permanent. 100 years old and still a wonder.
Celebrating the 81st anniversary of its premier in London today in 1931, Charlie Chaplin‘s wonderful, City Lights, reportedly Orson Welles’ favorite film and one of mine. In 2008, this film was voted #1 on the American Film Institute‘s list of the ten best romantic comedies of all time.
The list of the film’s full cast and crew is available here.
Reportedly, Charles Chaplin re-shot the scene in which the Little Tramp buys a flower from the blind flower-girl 342 times, as he could not find a satisfactory way of showing that the blind flower-girl thought that the mute tramp was wealthy. (IMDB)